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Europe Shareware software patents newsletter #14

14th March 2004

Webpage: http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/brevets.fr.html
PDF    : http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/newsletter14.us.pdf
Archive: http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/newsletter14.us.html

Polish translation by FFII Poland (Tomasz Marciniak) :
http://www.ffii.org.pl/newsletter/


SPIS TREŚCI:

1. "Kompromis" w Radzie Unii Europejskiej w sprawie dyrektywy dotyczącej
patentów na oprogramowanie

2. Europejscy twórcy oprogramowania przeciwko patentom na oprogramowanie

3. Wywiad z szefem Urzędu Patentowego Wielkiej Brytanii w sprawie nowego
projektu ustawy dotyczącej patentów

4. Własność intelektualna i sprawa antytrustowa Microsoftu

5. Najnowsze wieści w sprawie Eolas

6. Nowe problemy dla twórców przeglądarek

7. Dokumenty Microsoftu dotyczące patentu na wirtualne pulpity

8. Wykorzystanie skryptów XML opatentowane przez Microsoft

9. Patent na internetowy automat szukający (search bot)

10. Patent na program do kopiowania DVD

11. 'Autoodtwarzanie' opatentowane

12. Niewielkie uaktualnienia oprogramowania opatentowane

13. Australia : patent na e-zdrowie

14. Amazon pozwane za naruszenie patentów na "koszyk na zakupy"

15. TiVo wygrywa sprawę patentu na 'pauzę'

16. SightSound zawiera ugodę z CDNow

17. Acacia udziela licencji Disneyowi

18. Polityka patentowa Microsoftu

19. Licencja na Windows narusza prawa własności intelektualnej wytwórców PC

20. USA : wzrost opłat patentowych

21. Indie: patenty na oprogramowanie = więcej sporów patentowych

22. Czy Republika Południowej Afryki pójdzie za przykładem Unii Europejskiej ?

23. Australia gotowa na kryzys związany z patentami na oprogramowanie

24. Australia i patenty na metody prowadzenia działalności gospodarczej

25. Błędne myślenie o patentach

26. System patentowy jest zbyt kosztowny

27. Arundel : patenty na oprogramowanie hamują innowacje




----
1. "Kompromis" w Radzie Unii Europejskiej w sprawie dyrektywy dotyczącej
patentów na oprogramowanie

"Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the
patentability of computer-implemented inventions
- Presidency compromise proposal"
http://register.consilium.eu.int/pdf/en/04/st05/st05570.en04.pdf

(Dokument w języku francuskim : http://register.consilium.eu.int/pdf/fr/
04/st05/st05570.fr04.pdf)

Rada Unii Europejskiej udostępniła swoje stanowisko w sprawie dotyczącej
patentów na oprogramowanie. Wydaje się, że Rada UE, wbrew ekonomistom i
europejskim firmom programistycznym, poprze stanowisko Europejskiego
Urzędu Patentowego i nie zechce wprowadzić jasnych granic w możliwości
patentowania algorytmów i metod prowadzenia działalności gospodarczej.

Główne poprawki Parlamentu Europejskiego są odrzucane uzmysławiając, że
demokratyczna debata w sprawie tej dyrektywy nie jest brana pod uwagę. 


"EU-Rat macht sich für grenzenlose Softwarepatente stark"
http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/44917


"EU Council “Compromise” for Unlimited Patentability "
http://swpat.ffii.org/news/04/cons0129/

Kilka cytatów :

  « In contrast to the European Parliament’s version, 
    the Council version allows unlimited patentability 
    and patent enforcability. Under the Council version, 
    "computer-implemented" algorithms and business 
    methods, as have been granted in large numbers by 
    the European Patent Office against the letter and 
    spirit of the written law, are by default patentable 
    inventions. »

  « Publication of a description of a patented idea on 
    a web server in formal language constitutes a 
    patent infringment, and use of patented protocols 
    and file formats for the purpose of interoperation 
    is not allowed. »

  « Freedom of publication is removed from Art 5, 
    instead information goods become directly claimable, 
    so that internet service providers can be sued for 
    allowing publication of independently developped 
    programs on their server. »

  « Art 6a (freedom of interoperation) is removed. This 
    way Microsoft receives green light for its new 
    licensing program on file formats, and large software 
    and telecommunication companies can charge fees for 
    the use of the next generation of Internet 
    standards. »




----
2. Europejscy twórcy oprogramowania przeciwko patentom na oprogramowanie

"FOSDEM: Entwicklergemeinde gegen Patente"
http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/44892

Podczas czwartego Europejskiego spotkania twórców Wolnego i Otwartego
Oprogramowania (FOSDEM) w Brukseli dyskutowano na temat patentów na
formaty plików. 

Kilka cytatów :

  « "Programmiert wiederverwertbare Komponenten, 
    haltet die Daten offen, beugt euch keinem 
    patentierten proprietären Datenformat und sorgt 
    vor allem für Überraschungen und clevere Ideen", 
    gab O'Reilly den Entwicklern mit auf den Weg. »

  « Die KDE-Entwickler überließen ihren Raum einer 
    Debatte über Software-Patente, die kontrovers 
    geführt wurde. »

  « "Was mit den Patenten passiert, ist eine politische 
    Frage, eine Machtfrage, eine Frage der Lobbyarbeit 
    der großen Konzerne hier in Brüssel. Sie spielen 
    gekonnt mit dem Angst-Szenario, dass Europa hinter 
    Amerika und Japan zurückfällt, wenn es seine 
    Software nicht patentiert", erklärte ein 
    Teilnehmer. »




----
3. Wywiad z szefem Urzędu Patentowego Wielkiej Brytanii w sprawie nowego
projektu ustawy dotyczącej patentów

"Hopes Rise of EU Patent Breakthrough"
http://www.latimes.com/business/la-ft-patents1mar01,1,363357.story?
coll=la-headlines-business

Ron Marchant, szef Urzędu Patentowego Wielkiej Brytanii, przedstawia swój
punkt widzenia na dyrektywę dotyczącą patentów na oprogramowanie i na
projekt brytyjskiej ustawy patentowej.

Kilka cytatów :

  « "I wouldn't be surprised if it came back as a 
    new directive under the next Parliament," Marchant 
    said. "There isn't much enthusiasm in Europe for 
    extending software patenting to software per se or 
    to business methods." »

  « In Britain, the Patent Office chief acknowledges 
    repeated criticisms that smaller companies often 
    are deterred from enforcing, or even seeking, 
    intellectual property protection because of 
    prohibitively expensive litigation costs. »

  « [about the UK patent bill] "They are not going 
    to stop someone who says, 
    'We've got deeper pockets; we can take the other 
    side as far as we need to break them,' " 
    [says Noel Akers, partner at Howrey Simon Arnold 
    & White in London]. 
    "It really doesn't take much to drive one of 
    these smaller companies out of the arena 
    altogether." »




----
4. Własność intelektualna i sprawa antytrustowa Microsoftu

"Microsoft to choose EU antitrust remedies-source"
http://www.forbes.com/newswire/2004/02/24/rtr1273035.html

Kilka cytatów :

  « The European Commission is set to allow Microsoft 
    to choose how to solve EU competition concerns to 
    avoid breaching the software giant's intellectual 
    property (IP) rights [...] »

  « But the EU executive fears the Court of First 
    Instance, which rules on EU cases, may suspend any 
    remedy against Microsoft if it suspects there is 
    a breach of intellectual property rights. 
    "In order not to touch on IP rights the Commission 
    would delegate the remedies to Microsoft," the 
    source told Reuters. »

  « According to a report in the Financial Times the 
    EU's Internal Market Commissioner Frits Bolkestein 
    intervened in the debate to raise the IP rights 
    issue and make sure a final decision on Microsoft 
    was not too harsh. »


"Bolkestein acts over Microsoft 'remedies'"
http://search.ft.com/search/article.html?
id=040224001007&query=bolkestein&vsc_appId=totalSearch&state=Form#

Kilka cytatów :

  « Mr Bolkestein's officials had been worried that 
    the Commission's proposed "remedies" in the case 
    might infringe Microsoft's intellectual property 
    rights by forcing it to share too much of its 
    programming code with rivals. »


"EU-Handelskommissar Lamy steigt für Microsoft in den Ring"
http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/45014

Komisarz Handlu, Pascal Lamy, również popiera pogląd, że własność
intelektualna Microsoftu nie powinna doznać uszczerbku w związku z Unijną
sprawą antytrustową. Twierdzi, że w przeciwnym wypadku byłoby to
niezgodne z porozumieniem TRIPS (częścią WTO).

Kilka cytatów :

  « Wie die Wirtschaftszeitung unter Berufung auf 
    Kommissionskreise berichtet, warnte Lamy seinen 
    italienischen Kollegen vor Maßnahmen, die eine 
    WTO-Vereinbarung zum internationalen Schutz des 
    geistigen Eigentums (Trips-Vereinbarung) verletzen 
    könnten. »




----
5. Najnowsze wieści w sprawie Eolas

[z historią sprawy Eolas możesz zapoznać się czytając :
http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/newsletter7.us.html
http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/newsletter9.us.html
http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/newsletter10.us.html
http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/newsletter11.us.html
http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/newsletter12.us.html
http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/newsletter13.us.html]


"Feds reject Eolas browser patent"
http://zdnet.com.com/2100-1104-5171073.html

Urząd patentowy USA, po protestach z strony World Wide Web Consortium i
firm programistycznych, unieważnił przyznany 6 lat temu patent firmy
Eolas na 'pluginy'.

Kilka cytatów :

  « The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has 
    invalidated a claim to Web browser technology 
    central to a case against Microsoft, a move that 
    could spare the software giant from paying more 
    than half a billion dollars in damages [...] »

  «  Martin Lueck, the lawyer who represented Eolas, 
    said it was not uncommon for the patent office to 
    invalidate a claim as the first step of a review 
    process, but said he was confident that the patent 
    office would ultimately uphold Eolas' claim on 
    the Web technology. »


"Patent central to Microsoft case invalidated"
http://biz.yahoo.com/rc/040305/tech_microsoft_patent_1.html

"US-Patentbehörde hebt Eolas-Patent vorläufig auf"
http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/45297

"Examiners Say Chicago Inventor's Patent Never Should Have Been Issued"
http://www.miami.com/mld/miamiherald/business/national/8121511.htm?
template=contentModules/printstory.jsp




----
6. Nowe problemy dla twórców przeglądarek

"Missiontrek’s Patent Rights Cannot be Ignored"
http://www.prweb.com/releases/2004/2/prweb104029.php

Kilka cytatów :

  « Attention Opera and Microsoft: online collaboration 
    innovator, Missiontrek Ltd. Co. has amassed patent 
    rights in key browser technologies throughout the 
    World, and thus, is a force to be reckoned with. 
    From Snippets to Keyword scrolling, they've 
    reserved valuable rights, says Missiontrek's 
    founder, a US Patent Attorney. »

  « Missiontrek Ltd. Co., a pioneer in Online 
    Collaboration technology and patent rights holder 
    for such technologies as project-based keyword 
    highlighting and scrolling, web snippets saved to 
    categories, project-based browsing (automatically 
    saving URL research summaries in a project file), 
    a method of creating URL tours, and intranet 
    communications using customizable banners, 
    recently announced that it has spun off and 
    licensed its innovative ResearchAgent 
    technology. »

  « Concerning Norway’s Opera Software and their 
    recent addition of Snippets to their popular browser, 
    Mr. Moetteli [director at Missiontrek] said “We will 
    definitely assert our rights against any infringer 
    when such rights mature.” “To the extent that our 
    patent rights permit us to do so, Opera will either 
    be forced to license our technology, or they will 
    simply not be permitted to sell infringing products 
    in key markets such as the UK, the US, Canada and 
    Australia, among others.” »




----
7. Dokumenty Microsoftu dotyczące patentu na wirtualne pulpity

Wniosek patentowy : 20030189597

"Virtual desktop manager"
http://appft1.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-
bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PG01
&s1=%22%2320030189597%22&OS=%22#20030189597"&RS="#20030189597"

Wirtualny zarządca pulpitu opisany w tym zgłoszeniu patentowym jest
dokładnie tym co jeden z europejskich programów typu shareware (TWSM/2 by
Thomas Künneth) robi od lat 90-tych.
http://europeshareware.free.fr/scripts/visu2.php?
logiciel=60&url=0&Langue=n_a&type_lo=&editeur=3&begin=2

W skrócie :

  « A method for a user to preview multiple virtual 
    desktops in a graphical user interface is 
    described. The method comprises receiving an 
    indication  from a user to preview the multiple 
    virtual desktops and displaying  multiple panes 
    on the display. Each pane contains a scaled 
    virtual desktop having dimensions that are 
    proportionally less than the  dimensions of a 
    corresponding full-size virtual desktop. Each 
    scaled virtual desktop displays with one or more 
    scaled application windows as  shadows if the 
    corresponding full-size virtual desktop has one 
    or more corresponding application windows that 
    are active. »




----
8. Wykorzystanie skryptów XML opatentowane przez Microsoft

Patent : US 6,687,897

"XML based script automation"
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&u=/
netahtml/search-adv.htm&r=9&p=1&f=G&l=50&d=ptxt&S1=Microsoft.ASNM.&OS=AN/
Microsoft&RS=AN/Microsoft

W skrócie :

  « Systems, methods and data structures for 
    encompassing scripts written in  one or more 
    scripting languages in a single file. The 
    scripts of a  computer system are organized 
    into a single file using Extensible Language 
    Markup (XML). 
    Each script is delimited by a file element and 
    the script's instructions are delimited by a code 
    element within each file element. 
    Other information, such as a name of the script 
    and a functional  description of the script may 
    also be included in the file using other XML 
    elements to delimit that information. The language 
    in which a particular  script is written is also 
    included within the XML format. When a particular 
    script is executed, the file is parsed to create a 
    list of the  script names or of the functional 
    descriptions of the scripts. One or more  scripts 
    are selected and the code for those scripts is 
    extracted from the  file and executed by the 
    appropriate scripting process. The scripting 
    process that executes a particular script is 
    identified from the scripting  extension attribute 
    that is included in the XML format of the file. »




----
9. Patent na internetowy automat szukający (search bot)

Patent : US 6,029,175

"Automatic retrieval of changed files by a network software agent"
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=/netahtml/
srchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=6,029,175.WKU.&OS=PN/6,029,175&RS=PN/6,029,175

"Teknowledge streitet mit Microsoft um Patent"
http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/44405

Kalifornijska firma, Teknowledge, posiada patent na badanie sieci przy
pomocy programowych agentów. Twierdzi ona, że Microsoft, Akamai
Technologies, Inktomi and Cable & Wireles naruszają ten patent.
Microsoft kontratakuje kolejnym procesem dotyczącym dwóch patentów. 

kilka cytatów :

  « Diese von Teknowledge patentierte Technik bietet 
    Funktionen zur agentenbasierten Benachrichtigung 
    bei aktualisierten Webseiten und Software. »


"Web giants fight patent infringement claims"
http://www.computerweekly.com/articles/article.asp?
liArticleID=128165&liFlavourID=1&sp=1

Kilka cytatów :

  « Teknowledge charges that online alert services 
    offered by Microsoft, Yahoo and AOL, as well as 
    caching services offered by Akamai, C&W and Inktomi, 
    infringe on a US patent 6,029,175 awarded to it in 
    February 2002 and covers "automatic retrieval of 
    changed files by a network software agent". »

  « Microsoft filed a counterclaim earlier this week 
    accusing Teknowledge of violating two of its own 
    patents, one related to electronic bill payment 
    and the other to information aggregation. »




----
10. Patent na program do kopiowania DVD

"Neue Klage gegen Softwarefirma 321 Studios wegen DVD-Patenten"
http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/44662

Stowarzyszenie Kontroli Kopiowania DVD (The DVD Copy Control Association)
podało do sądu firmę 321 Studios Inc. zarzucającjej naruszenie jednego z
patentów należących do stowarzyszenia. Proces zmierza do zakazania
oprogramowania do kopiowania DVD.

Kilka cytatów :

  « Damit hat der Verband seine Strategie geändert 
    und verklagt nun ein Unternehmen, statt einzelne 
    Personen, wie den Programmierer Andrew Brunner. 
    Die DVD CCA hatte gegen ihn eine Klage 
    angestrengt, weil er Code veröffentlicht haben 
    soll, mit dem der Kopierschutz CSS geknackt werden 
    könne. »

  « Die erneute Klage richtet sich gegen die Produkte 
    DVD Copy Plus und DVD X Copy. Mit ihnen lassen 
    sich Kopien von kopiergeschützten DVDs anfertigen. »


"DVD firm sued by trade group"
http://www.contracostatimes.com/mld/cctimes/7954256.htm?
template=contentModules/printstory.jsp

"Victoire des studios de cinéma contre un éditeur de logiciel"
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/040221/85/3nohb.html




----
11. 'Autoodtwarzanie' opatentowane.

Patenty : US 5,597,307
          US 5,795,156
          US 6,249,863
          US 6,418,532

"Method for starting up a process automatically on insertion of a storage
 media into a host device"
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=/netahtml/
srchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=5,597,307.WKU.&OS=PN/5,597,307&RS=PN/5,597,307

"Host device equipped with means for starting a process in response to 
detecting insertion of a storage media"
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=/netahtml/
srchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=5,795,156.WKU.&OS=PN/5,795,156&RS=PN/5,795,156

"Host device equipped with means for starting a process in response to 
detecting insertion of a storage media"
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=/netahtml/
srchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=6,249,863.WKU.&OS=PN/6,249,863&RS=PN/6,249,863

"Host device equipped with means for starting a process in response to 
detecting insertion of a storage media"
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=/netahtml/
srchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=6,418,532.WKU.&OS=PN/6,418,532&RS=PN/6,418,532


"Microsoft may face trial over 'autoplay' feature
TVI charges Microsoft infringes on four of its U.S. patents"
http://www.infoworld.com/article/04/02/10/HNmsautoplay_1.html

Kilka cytatów :

  « Microsoft Corp. faces a trial in a patent 
    infringement suit over the "autoplay" feature in 
    Windows that automatically starts an application 
    after storage media is loaded into a PC. »

  « Little-known TV Interactive Data Corp. (TVI) of 
    Los Gatos, California, sued Microsoft in May 
    2002, seeking damages and an injunction barring 
    Microsoft from further infringement. »

  « Additionally, TVI charges that Microsoft patent 
    6,366,966, entitled "method and system for 
    automatically running a program" interferes 
    with the TVI patents as it covers a TVI invention, 
    according to case records filed with the U.S. 
    District Court for the Northern District of 
    California. »


"Microsoft wegen Autoplay der Patentverletzung beschuldigt"
http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/44494




----
12. Niewielkie uaktualnienia oprogramowania opatentowane

Patent : US 6,546,552

"Difference extraction between two versions of data-tables containing 
intra-references"
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=/netahtml/
srchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=6546552.WKU.&OS=PN/6546552&RS=PN/6546552


"Red Bend Software gets patent for compact software updates"
http://www.masshightech.com/displayarticledetail.asp?Art_ID=64802

Urząd Patentowy USA przyznał bostońskiej firmie Red Bend Software patent
na metodę generowania różnicy niewielkich rozmiarów pomiędzy starym i
nowym programem.




----
13. Australia : patent na e-zdrowie

"Patent threatens e-health scheme"
http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/printpage/0,5942,8565263,00.html

Kilka cytatów :

  « THE future of MediConnect is in doubt as advisers 
    warn that the Pharmacy Guild of Australia may own 
    key aspects of the Federal Government's electronic 
    system giving pharmacists direct access to 
    people's medication records and entitlements. »

  «  In March 2002, the guild lodged an international 
    patent application for a "Method and system for 
    sharing personal health data" »

  « "(But) if the patent is legally justifiable ... 
    there is the possibility that the patent holders 
    will have a claim over future versions of 
    MediConnect and other health systems." [says Coolong 
    Consulting's report] »




----
14. Amazon pozwane za naruszenie patentów na "koszyk na zakupy"

Patent : US 5,708,780
         US 5,715,314
         US 5,909,492

"Internet server access control and monitoring systems"
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=/netahtml/
srchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=5,708,780.WKU.&OS=PN/5,708,780&RS=PN/5,708,780

"Network sales system"
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=/netahtml/
srchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=5,715,314.WKU.&OS=PN/5,715,314&RS=PN/5,715,314

"Network sales system"
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=/netahtml/
srchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=5,909,492.WKU.&OS=PN/5,909,492&RS=PN/5,909,492


"Amazon's 10-K SEC filing"
http://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1018724/000119312504029488/
0001193125-04-029488-index.htm

"Amazon poursuivi par de vieux brevets embarrassants"
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/040301/7/3o6th.html

Soverain Software, posiadacz patentów na "koszyk na zakupy", pozywa Amazon.


Kilka cytatów :

  «  Le cybermarchand américain est attaqué pour 
    violation de brevets relatifs aux systèmes de 
    vente en ligne, dits «brevets sur les paniers 
    d’achat». Déposés en 1998 par Open Market, ils 
    sont détenus aujourd’hui par un éditeur qui lui 
    réclame des royalties. »

  « Amazon a annoncé être poursuivi par Soverain sur 
    le brevet numéro US 5.708.780 (enregistré au PTO) 
    concernant les systèmes de surveillance et de 
    contrôle d'accès aux serveurs internet. Ce brevet 
    est également connu sous l'appellation «brevet 
    d'identification de session». Il permet non 
    seulement aux détaillants électroniques d'analyser 
    la manière dont les utilisateurs surfent sur un 
    site, mais également de limiter l'accès à un 
    contenu spécifique, notamment des abonnements 
    ou des informations sur des comptes. Ce brevet 
    ne s'applique pas aux cookies, mais il pourrait 
    concerner d'autres méthodes de traçabilité des 
    consommateurs, dont les certificats numériques. »

  « Le cybermarchand américain doit également 
    affronter une action en justice portant sur les 
    brevets 5.909.492 et 5.715.314, relatifs aux 
    systèmes de ventes en réseau. Ils visent les 
    processus permettant aux acheteurs d'accumuler 
    des articles avant de régler leur facture sur 
    une boutique en ligne; la façon dont les données 
    d'achat et de règlement sont transmises via une 
    URL; et l'utilisation de bons numériques de 
    promotion pour effectuer des achats sur le web, 
    transmises via messagerie électronique, cédérom 
    ou encore par téléachat. »




----
15. TiVo wygrywa sprawę patentu na 'pauzę'

Patent : US RE36,801

"Time delayed digital video system using concurrent recording and playback"
http://164.195.100.11/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=/netahtml/
srchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=%27RE36801%27.WKU.&OS=PN/RE36801&RS=PN/RE36801


"TiVo gewinnt Patentstreit gegen Pause Technology"
http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/44521

TiVo wygrało sprawę, w której Pause Technology zarzuciło jej naruszenie
patentu na "pauzę" (możliwość zatrzymania i wznowienia programu
telewizyjnego).




----
16. SightSound zawiera ugodę z CDNow

[więcej informacji o tym procesie w naszym newsletterze numer 11 :
http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/newsletter11.us.html
]

"SightSound einigt sich im Patentstreit mit CDNow"
http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/44985

CD Now i N2K zgadzają się zapłacić firmie SightSound 3.3 miliony dolarów
za ugodę w procesie o naruszenie patentu.

Kilka cytatów :

  « Ein Anwalt von SightSound sieht nun den Weg frei, 
    um weitere Lizenzierungsansprüche durchzusetzen. 
    Dabei werde er sich an Firmen der Musik- und auch 
    der Filmindustrie wenden, die Technik des 
    Unternehmens einsetze, um Musik und Filme zum 
    Download anzubieten. Scott Sander, CEO von 
    SightSound, meint, die Unterhaltungsindustrie sei 
    in eine "neue Ära des Respekts vor geistigem 
    Eigentum wie Urheberrechte und Patente" 
    eingetreten. »




----
17. Acacia udziela licencji Disneyowi

[w newsletterach poniżej znajdziesz artykuły na temat patentu Acacii :
http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/newsletter9.us.html
http://www.europe-shareware.org/pages/brevets/newsletter13.us.html
]

"Disney lizenziert Streaming-Technik von Acacia"
http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/45072


Acacia twierdzi, że 116 firm wykupiło licencję na jej patent na ściąganie
treści za pomocą środków przekazu.




----
18. Polityka patentowa Microsoftu

"Microsoft balances patents, standards"
http://news.com.com/2100-1013-5152665.html

Kilka cytatów :

  «  In the past month, Microsoft has applied for 
    patents in Europe and elsewhere to cover how 
    XML-based documents are created in the company's 
    dominant Word software. »

  «  The applications are indicative of a struggle 
    faced by Microsoft and other companies: They want 
    to profit from their research and innovations, 
    yet standards-based technology has to be freely 
    available on some level to encourage broad 
    adoption and ensure interoperability. »

  « [...] Microsoft embarks on a new mission to 
    generate more revenue from its intellectual 
    property. »

  « "In the past, you could design things in a way 
    that was unique and didn't necessarily need to 
    interact with other products, but 
    interoperability is a key thing customers are 
    looking for now," [...] "You have to figure 
    out how you're going to enable that 
    interoperability, and providing predictable 
    access to your IP is part of that." 
    [David Kaefer, director of business development 
    for Microsoft] »

  « The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has hundreds 
    of pending applications now for patents on 
    XML-related processes [...] »




----
19. Licencja na Windows narusza prawa własności intelektualnej wytwórców PC

"Microsoft's Tokyo offices raided"
http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/business/3488186.stm

Kilka cytatów :

  « Officials from Japan's fair trade watchdog have 
    raided Microsoft's Tokyo offices on suspicion that 
    the US giant violated Japanese anti-monopoly laws. »

  « The Fair Trade Commission alleges that Microsoft 
    insists that if the companies - such as NEC, 
    Hitachi and Sony - want to pre-install its Windows 
    software on their computers, they must sign away 
    their right to sue the US giant, even if they find 
    it has used their patent technology. »


"Japanese Unit of Microsoft Is Raided"
http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20040226/ap_on_bi_ge/
japan_microsoft_3

"Microsoft Raided By Japan's Fair Trade Commission"
http://quote.bloomberg.com/apps/news?
pid=10000006&sid=aB79rPeUrwh0&refer=home#




----
20. USA : wzrost opłat patentowych

"Patent Fee Bill Will Harm Small Business without Conyers-Kaptur
Amendment, Patent Professional Association Says"
http://biz.yahoo.com/bw/040223/236028_1.html

Kilka cytatów :

  « Many small businesses will be irreparably harmed 
    if Congress adopts the pending U.S. Patent and 
    Trademark Office Fee Modernization Act 
    (H.R. 1561). »

  « This bill establishes a new search fee and gives 
    the USPTO the unlimited ability to raise those 
    search fees without congressional approval [...] »

  « Under H.R. 1561, small business patent filing 
    fees would double, from about $375 to $750. »




----
21. Indie: patenty na oprogramowanie = więcej sporów patentowych

"India to face more patent litigations"
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/478099.cms

Kilka cytatów :

  « India is likely to see more patent litigations in 
    the coming years as it joins the big league, says 
    Alok Aggarwal, founder and chairman of Evalueserve. 
    This is because very few Indian companies are 
    aware that they can patent software process too 
    – and large global  IT   companies who see them 
    as a threat are likely to challenge them by filing 
    IP violation cases against them, he pointed out. »

  « According to Aggarwal, Indian companies also have 
    to be really vigilant very early in the product 
    development cycle about previous patents filed.
    
    This might mean employing specialists to keep track 
    – else there could be a heavy price to pay: 
    typically about $3 million per case. Indian 
    companies are now starting to employ people to do 
    tracking. »




----
22. Czy Republika Południowej Afryki pójdzie za przykładem Unii Europejskiej ?

"SA Software Patents Unprotected"
http://allafrica.com/stories/printable/200402240659.html

Ten artykuł dotyczy braku możliwości patentowania oprogramowania w
Republice Południowej Afryki i debaty w Unii Europejskiej.

Kilka cytatów :

  « South African patent law has been largely modelled 
    on the corresponding British legislation, and any 
    noteworthy amendments to patent law as it applies 
    in the EU may potentially influence the development 
    of patent law in SA. »




----
23. Australia gotowa na kryzys związany z patentami na oprogramowanie

"EFA slams IP clauses in US-Aust trade deal"
http://smh.com.au/articles/2004/02/12/1076388479843.html

Kilka cytatów :

  «  [...] "harmonisation" of Australian patent law 
    with the US risked the creation of "software 
    patents" in Australia, EFA said. »

  « Such patents had been regularly abused in the US 
    by major software companies who used them to 
    intimidate and suppress competition and innovation. 
    "Litigation over the alleged infringement of 
    "software patents" has become a lucrative business 
    model in the United States, and is a path that 
    Australia would be ill-advised to follow," it 
    said. »




----
24. Australia i patenty na metody prowadzenia działalności gospodarczej

"Australia to reject Europe's business method patent policy"
http://www.legalmediagroup.com/default.asp?
Page=1&SID=13775&CH=5&CN=Intellectual%20property&CountryName=&Type=News

Kilka cytatów :

  « Australia is set to ignore calls for a ban on 
    patenting business methods after a leading think 
    tank recommended no change to the present law. »

  « The recommendation was made by the Advisory 
    Council on Intellectual Property (ACIP). The 
    Council, an independent body appointed by the
    government, released its report into patenting 
    business methods last week. »

  « The Council said the country should remain in line 
    with Japan, the US and New Zealand, where business 
    methods are patentable, rather than adopt the 
    restrictive practice in jurisdictions administered 
    under the European Patent Convention. »




----
25. Błędne myślenie o patentach

"The fallacy about patents"
http://news.com.com/2010-7343-5153026.html

W artykule tym, dotyczącym obecnego szumu wokół patentów, wysoki rangą
pracownik IBM (Senior VP Nicholas Donofrio) opisuje dlaczego USA powinny
raczej skupić swoją uwagę na tworzeniu innowacji, a nie na liczbie
przydzielonych patentów.




----
26. System patentowy jest zbyt kosztowny

"Patent News From PubPat and IBM"
http://www.groklaw.net/article.php?story=20040205045715394

Kilka cytatów :

  « The Public Patent Foundation today argued before 
    the nation's foremost patent court that patent 
    law's requirement that a patent attorney be hired 
    every time one becomes aware of a patent that may 
    relate to their activity is "irrational and 
    unjustifiably prejudicial" »

  « [...] a study from 1997 that determined the cost 
    for retaining a patent attorney to provide a 
    written opinion regarding a single patent can 
    cost up to $50,000 or more. »




----
27. Arundel : patenty na oprogramowanie hamują innowacje

W styczniowym wydaniu 'Innovation & Technologial Transfer', pisma o
wynalazkach wydawanego przez DG Entreprises, Anthony Arundel z MERIT,
Uniwersytet z Maastricht, wyraża pogląd że obecne działania na korzyść
patentów mogą spowolnić powstawanie innowacji.

'Le problème des brevets' (page 11 of the French paper version of
'Innovation & Transfert Technologique', from DG Entreprises)

[poniżej oryginalny tekst po francusku]

  « La plus grande propension des entreprises 
    américaines à breveter est largement motivée 
    par une réaction de défense. Aux États-Unis, 
    le coût d'un procès est si élevé qu'il revient 
    beaucoup moins cher de déposer un brevet plutôt 
    que d'avoir à vous défendre contre un concurrent 
    qui vous poursuit pour contrefaçon. 
    Certains éléments semblent indiquer que les brevets 
    de l'OEB sont de meilleur qualité que ceux de 
    l'USPTO, et les frais de justice sont 
    certainement plus bas. Donc, il se peut que les 
    entreprises européennes estiment simplement 
    que les brevets défensifs ne sont pas nécessaires.
    Dans ce cas, les mesures prises en vue 
    d'augmenter le nombre de demandes de brevet 
    pourraient en fait ralentir l'innovation en 
    contraignant l'industrie à supporter des 
    coûts supplémentaires. »

www.FFII.org.pl

Góra